The River Avon (at the time of Stonehenge’s Phase I construction -ditch & Bluestones) was 96m high, rather than the 65m height of today. This is a decrease of 48% over the last 10,000 years (average 3.1mm per annum) – which 30 - 40% is probably due to isocratic rebound from the last ice age. Consequently, if we take these statistics and look at other sites around the same River Avon, such as Durrington Walls, we can now conduct our first Landscape Analysis.
The Avon at Durrington is 8m higher than its nearest point at Stonehenge and hence will be 8m higher. This Mesolithic level of 104m (96m + 8m) fills the site as a prehistoric harbour – filled to the newly discovered postholes found last month under the soil. Not only do the shorelines match both the post holes of Stonehenge and Durrington Walls – so are the sizes of the post holes, clearly showing their association.
This suspected shoreline was revealed ten years ago (without any announcements as it contradicted the existing ‘theories’) when a standard Magnetometry Survey was conducted on the site Sheffield University in 2006.
This the allows us for the first time to date this site accurately as 8500 BCE (the same as Stonehenge Phase I) for the Durrington Walls harbour and the Western / Northern walls, which are still visible today. It is now apparent that as the Waters dropped towards the Neolithic Period, that the inner ditch was dug to preserve the boat access to the site and during the middle of the Neolithic Period, the South Eastern and eastern ditches were added for the same purpose, but clearly of a different specification (much smaller and unnoticed, except on geophysical mapping).
is probably due to isocratic rebound from the last ice age.
Mick Harper wrote:Does Langdon address this point?
Prof Chris Stringer at the Museum said the humans who made the footprints may well have been related to people of similar antiquity from Atapuerca in Spain, assigned to the species Homo antecessor, or 'Pioneer Man'.
'These people were of a similar height to us and were fully bipedal,' Prof Stringer said. 'They seem to have become extinct in Europe by 600,000 years ago and were perhaps replaced by the species Homo heidelbergensis. Neanderthals followed from about 400,000 years ago.'
Dr Nick Ashton from the British Museum said, 'This is an extraordinarily rare discovery. The Happisburgh site continues to rewrite our understanding of the early human occupation of Britain and indeed of Europe.'
Unfortunately the footprints have now been washed away, but it is hoped the site will reveal new footprints in the future.
Footprints of early humans discovered
The discovery was made on the foreshore at low tide where heavy seas had removed the beach sand to reveal the normally flat estuarine muds. But in one area a series of elongated hollows were cut into the compacted silts. It was only after recording the surface through photogrammetry, a technique that stitches together digital photographs to create a 3D record, that confirmed these were indeed ancient human footprints.
Within two weeks the prints had eroded away, but analyses of the digital images show in some cases the heel, arch and even toes of a range of adults and children. Measurement of the prints suggests that their heights varied from about 0.9 m to over 1.7 m and they appear to have been heading in a southerly direction.
Happisburgh, on the north Norfolk coast, has a remarkable concentration of early Stone Age sites, all of which have been discovered since 2000. These sites are buried under thick glacial sediments and are only exposed as a result of coastal erosion.
Discovered by Mike Chambers in 2000, where his most spectacular find was a flint handaxe, excavated from marsh sediments exposed on the foreshore at low tide. Subsequent excavations have unearthed more artefacts, together with butchered large mammal bones and biological remains indicating human occupation during a cool period, about 500,000 years ago.
Simon Parfitt, Natural History Museum, discovered a handaxe at Site 2 in 2004. It was excavated from a shallow gravel-filled channel, sealed beneath a layer of sediment known as the Happisburgh Till. The Happisburgh Till and associated glacial sediments were laid down by the movement of ice known as Anglian ice, about 450,000 years ago.
Discovered in 2005, when artefacts were found during exploratory excavations. Between 2005 and 2010, large-scale archaeological excavations at the site have recovered about 80 stone tools.
Some of the titles of Hapi were, Lord of the Fish and Birds of the Marshes and Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation. Hapi is typically depicted as an intersex person with a large belly and pendulous breasts, wearing a loincloth and ceremonial false beard
A new "virtual autopsy" of Egypt's King Tutankhamun portrays him as a broad-hipped, big-breasted, weak-boned pharaoh who died in his teens due to congenital problems brought on by incest — but that depiction has some Egyptian archaeologists complaining that the boy-king is being slandered 3,300 years after his death.
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