the water from certain regions of Scotland, when added to whisky, seems to bring out specific taste qualities in the whisky for which those regions are known.
Highland Water: hard water, high in minerals. 225 parts per million dissolved solids and high in nitrate, calcium, and magnesium. pH around 7.7 (lightly alkaline)
Speyside Water: soft water, low in minerals. 125 ppm dissolved solids. pH around 7.8 (lightly alkaline)
Islay Water: higher natural acidity. 183 ppm TDS. pH around 6.3. High in sulphate, potassium, sodium, and chloride.
Islay’s Ardilistry Spring produces water with higher natural acidity which is created by filtration through peat.
Whenever the first beer may have been sipped, Sumerian cuneiform tablets and Egyptian hieroglyphics dating back more than 5000 years allude to its production. Initially, brewing was, for the most part, a household project carried out by women. The well-known legal code drawn up by the Babylonian King Hammurabi nearly 4000 years ago forbade brewers from diluting their beer and also put a ceiling on the price they could charge for it. An Egyptian papyrus dating to 1400 B.C.E. warns about getting drunk on beer “for fear that people repeat the words which may have gone out of your mouth.” Egyptian pharaohs provided their laborers with a daily ration of four loaves of bread and two jugs of beer. Rameses III took pride in consecrating to the gods more than 400,000 jars of beer.
‘Among the hundreds of pottery shards that characterise the local culture, a number of fragments of large ceramic basins were discovered that were made in an Egyptian tradition and were used to prepare beer,’ he said in a statement.
The vessels were made with ‘straw temper’ and other organic material to strengthen them – a method which was not in local potteries.
The excavation is the first to offer evidence of an ‘Egyptian occupation’ in the centre of Tel Aviv 5,000 years ago.
The following is from the Instructions of Ani:
[your mother] sent you to school when you were ready to be taught writing, and she waited for you daily at home with bread and beer.
Bronze Age man was a bit of a boozer, according to a team of archaeologists who claim to have uncovered evidence of the world's largest prehistoric brewing industry.
After four years of research, which has seen them travel from Belgium to Bavaria to investigate ancient beer-making methods, the team has concluded that Ireland's love affair with alcohol predates the 1759 foundation of the Guinness brewery by many thousands of years.
An archaeological consultancy based in Co Galway has demonstrated that enigmatic man-made Bronze Age features, which are common throughout Ireland, could well have been ancient microbreweries.
The research by the Moore Group has culminated with the archaeologists recreating Bronze Age brewing methods and producing a modern version of the ale, which our forefathers would have drunk by the beaker after a hard day's hunting and gathering.
There are only around 200 chalk streams in the world, and 85% of these are found in England
Mick Harper wrote:There are only around 200 chalk streams in the world, and 85% of these are found in England
http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle ... al-ecology
Fish on the rivers Maronne, Cere, Doustre, Souvigné or the Dordogne itself ... Another spring-fed French stream is La Sorgue, in Provence, where the fishing is a real challenge. It's here that the French national fly-fishing team practises – and it is consistently the best team in the world. The river is clear and beautiful and full of fish ... La Loue is a spring-fed river in Franche Compté near the Swiss border. It is one of the best trout and grayling rivers in France
I stand ready for someone to suggest the Normans invented these streams and installed them in England as well.
It's not an authoritative quote, it's a copy and paste from a Guardian article. Repeated without variation or question on various "Special Interest Group" sites, all keen on protecting these "unique habitats", all experts at ways of lobbying for extra government grants to the SIGs.
In reality, there are many more chalk streams. Eh voila, mon ami, pour les apéritifs, we just have to cross the Channel to pick up where the Engllish chalk downs resurface in France. Normandy and Brittany are full of them.
Fish on the rivers Maronne, Cere, Doustre, Souvigné or the Dordogne itself ... Another spring-fed French stream is La Sorgue, in Provence, where the fishing is a real challenge. ... La Loue is a spring-fed river in Franche Compté near the Swiss border. It is one of the best trout and grayling rivers in France
Mick Harper wrote:I take your point but it is beyond (my) belief that so professional a bunch of lobbyists would make such an absurd error.
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